I’m writing to invite you to ______.(发出邀请)

There are some points you may want to know about______.(活动主题)During______, we will have lots of activities you are interested in.(活动的具体内容)First, ______.(活动介绍一)Second, ______.(活动介绍二)

I believe that you will be very interested in.For one thing/First,______. For another/Second,______(受邀人参加的理由)

Since the ______ will begin ______, is it possible ______? I really hope you can come/I’m looking forward to ________.(提出希望)





Thank you very much for/Thanks a lot for/Many thanks for______/I’m writing to you about my gratitude for______/I’m very grateful to you for______.(开门见山地交代感谢原因)

But for/Without your help,______.(从反面衬托对方的作用)/It’s very kind of you to______.(从正面说明对方的作用)

I hope to have the opportunity to express my gratitude to you/repay your kindness. I will feel very honored and pleased if______.(提出回报对方的方式)Would you please let me know ?(希望对方给予回应)Thank you again for what you have done.(再次表达感谢)

Yours sincerely,




I’m so sorry to tell you that_______. Now, I am writing you this letter to show my deep regret.(就某事道歉)I do hope you can understand me and excuse me for _______(希望得到谅解)

I will be very grateful if you are kind to listen to my explanation. The reason for my delay/absence was/is that_______. Therefore,_______.(解释原因)

I wonder if ________.(询问对方能够接受补救方案)

Sincerely yours,




I am very_______to know that_______.(写信的原因)I’m looking forward to_______.(表示期待)

I’m afraid that_______.(表述提出建议的原因)I’d like to suggest that_______.First, _______; then_______.(提出建议)

I believe this kind of arrangement will_______.(建议的作用)

Moreover, if_______, it is necessary for you to_______.(补充建议)


Yours sincerely,




I am_______.(自我介绍)I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding_______.(要询问的内容)

First of all, what are_______? Secondly, when will_______? Thirdly, is_______?(要咨询的问题罗列)

I would also like to inquire_______. Could you be so kind to send me some relevent booklets on the above-mentioned aspects?(附加问题)

Thank you for your kindness, and your prompt attention to this letter will be highly appreciated.(表示感谢)

Yours sincerely,



Dear _______,

I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that .(寒暄句加主题句)




I will greatly appreciate a response from your earliest convenience./I am looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.(结束主体段落)

Best regards.(结束语)

Sincerely yours,



Boys and girls/Ladies and gentlemen,

It’s a great honor for me to stand here and give my speech.(表示荣幸)My name is________.(自我介绍)The topic of my speech is________.(提出演讲主题)

To begin with, many people suggest that________.(话题或现象列举)Secondly,________. Thirdly,________.

What I want to stress is that________.(重申主题)For one thing,________. For another,________. Besides,________.(原因或重要性列举)In a word,________.(总结)

Thank you for your listening/Thank you.


Ladies and gentlemen,

May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.(称呼语及开场白)


All the teachers and students are required to attend it. Please take your notebooks and make notes./Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. Make sure you’ll come on time and don’t be late.(说明通知对象和注意事项)

Please come and join in it./Everybody is welcome to attend it./I hope you’ll have a nice time here.(重申希望大家参加之情)

That’s all. Thank you.(结束语)


Nowadays, there are more and more________in some big cities. It is estimated that________.(用具体数据说明某现象)

Why have there been so many________? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first reason is that________.(原因一)Besides,________.(原因二)The third reason is________.(原因三)To sum up, the main cause of is due to________.(指出主要原因)

It is high time that something should be done. For one thing,________.(解决建议一)For another thing,________. All these measures will certainly .(解决建议二)


In recent days, there has been a problem , which is becoming more and more serious.(说明问题及其现状)First,________. Second,________.(进一步阐释现状)

We should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ________. For another thing, ________. Finally, ________.(列举解决该问题的方法)

Personally, I believe that ________/Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ________.(结尾段,指出"我"的信心及理由)


What I have known about is that________.(具体描述某事物)

Firstly,________.(描述要点一) .(具体阐述要点一)Secondly, ________.(描述要点二) (具体阐述要点二). As a college student,________.(结合自身描述要点三)

All in all,________.(做出总结)Therefore, we should________.(提出建议)


There is a widespread concern over the issue that________. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person.(引出话题)

A majority of people think that________.(观点一)In their view there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: In the first place,________.(支持观点一的原因一)In the second place,________.(支持观点一的原因一)So it goes without saying that________.

The other people, however, differ in their opinion on this matter. They hold the idea that________.(观点二)In their point of view, on the one hand,________; on the other hand,________.(支持观点二的原因)Therefore, there is no doubt that________.

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that________. It is not only because ________, but also because________. The more________, the more________.("我"的观点)


Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over________.(引出话题或对象)

In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in________. Generally speaking, it is widely believed that there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly,________.(优点一)And secondly,________.(优点二)

Just as a popular saying goes, "Every coin has two sides." is no exception, and in other words, it still has negative aspects. To begin with,________.(缺点一)In addition,________.(缺点二)

To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of ________.(总结)


As is vividly shown in the picture,________.(描述图画内容)The picture/cartoon informs us of the phenomenon that________.(图画反映的现象)

These may/might be several factors contributing to/responsible for the phenomenon/problem. To start with,________. Secondly,________. What’s more,________. Last but not least,________.(说明原因)

In my opinion, the government/the school/we should take measures to/something must be done to________. Only in this way can the problem be really solved./ Only when everyone can do so will our world become more and more beautiful.(解决问题的方法)


As the bar chart shows,________.(说明图表反映的问题)

Several factors contribute to ________. And, ________. Furthermore,________. All these result in________.(分析问题产生的原因)

However,________is faced with some problems. With________, the effect of________ is not only discouraging, but also challenging. So my principle is to pay your attention to________, but not just to________.(提出解决措施)




As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action isto meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy theintellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.






To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fullyprepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, youcan hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.



1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

3)the first, the second, the third, thelast(不推荐,原因:俗)

4)in the first place, in the secondplace, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)

5)to begin with, then, furthermore,finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition,finally(强烈推荐)

7)first and foremost, besides, last butnot least(强烈推荐)

8)most important of all, moreover,finally

9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)





例1:I cannot bear it.

可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

例2:I want it.

可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.



原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous,interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted之类的形象词。再比如:

走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room;

但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room;

小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room;

小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room;

老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room;





I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.


Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.


besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover



The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.The coat was thin, but it was warm.

更多的短语:despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite

3)因果(so, so, so)


The snow began to fall, so we went home.


then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result,for this reason, so that



This is what I can do.

Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.



The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.




Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated orsimple, there is plenty in London for you.

Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such asoil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, torealize our potentials and to pay for our life.(气势恢宏)





The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climbthe Western Hills.

Africa is the second largest continent, its size being aboutthree times that of China.


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